Austrian Social Democratic Party
- Founded in the midto late 18th century under the guidance of Victor Adler, the Austrian Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs— SPÖ) was modeled on its German namesake, which it later joined in the International Working Union of Socialist Parties. In its early years, the SPÖ was plagued by factional infighting between advocates of orthodox Marxism such as Max Adler and Karl Kautsky, and reformists led by Karl Renner, but by 1919 had unified enough to form a government under the latter. It was 1945 before the SPÖ was to govern again, largely because of the ban placed on the party by the Third Reich. The SPÖ reemerged in 1945 as the Austrian Socialist Party (Sozialistische Partei Österreichs—SPÖ), and governed Austria until 1966. The SPÖ affiliated to the non-Marxist Socialist International in 1951, and by 1958 had dropped explicit mentions of Marxism from its program entirely. The newly moderate SPÖ took the reins of government again from 1971 until 1983, and subsequently as a partner in various coalition administrations. In this era, the party softened its policy on nationalization and advocated privatization and free market economics. In 1994 it polled its lowest total in the post–World War II period, still a healthy 35 percent of all votes cast. Into the 21st century, the firmly non-Marxist SPÖ held the Austrian presidency under Heinz Fischer and remained the second largest party in parliament.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Social Democratic Party of Austria — Infobox Austrian Political Party party name = Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs party party articletitle = Social Democratic Party of Austria leader = Werner Faymann foundation = December 30, 1888 ideology = Social Democracy and Democratic… … Wikipedia
JEWISH SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY — (or ŻPS, the initials of the party s name in Polish), party existing in Galicia from 1905 to 1920, the equivalent there of the bund . In the early 1890s attempts were made in Galicia to establish a Jewish workers party to be federatively joined… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Czech Social Democratic Party — Česká strana sociálně demokratická Leader Bohuslav Sobotka Founded … Wikipedia
German Social Democratic Party of Poland — Deutsche Sozialdemokratische Partei Polens Leader Johann Kowoll Founded March 22, 1922 Newspaper Kattowitzer Volkswille Ideology … Wikipedia
Austrian People's Party — Österreichische Volkspartei Leader Michael Spindelegger Founded … Wikipedia
Austrian People’s Party — Österreichische Volkspartei (ÖVP) Tainted, indeed sometimes stained by associations with Austro Fascism, and with authoritarian leanings generally, Austrian conservatives decided after World War II to establish a party to replace the… … Historical dictionary of Austria
Democratic Party of Albania — Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë Leader Sali Berisha … Wikipedia
Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Austria — / Sozialdemokratische Arbeiter Partei (SDAP) The long standing voice of Marxism in Austrian politics, the party returned to its original name in 1991, though with a different acronym. Founded in 1888–1889, the SDAP lost its legal… … Historical dictionary of Austria
National Democratic Party of Germany — For the East German bloc party, see National Democratic Party of Germany (East Germany). National Democratic Party of Germany The People s Union Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands – Die Volksunion … Wikipedia
Slovenian Democratic Party — Infobox State of former Yugoslavia Political Party party name = Slovenska demokratska stranka english name = Slovenian Democratic Party country = Slovenia party party wikicolourid = Republican leader = Janez Janša foundation = 1989 ideology =… … Wikipedia